Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Mars essays In 1962, the United States President, John F. Kennedy, spoke at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Kennedy promised to put an American on the moon by the end of the 1960s. (The History) On June 16, 1969 Kennedys dream promise was kept. The United States placed two men on the surface of the moon. (Apollo 11) By the year 2001, a few months short of 32 years later, no other body has had humans as guests. Why not? The vast wealth of knowledge which could be gained by a manned exploration of Mars is probably one of the better reasons to go. By further exploration of Mars the field of Comparative Planetology could be expanded. One of the procedures which could be performed my explorers sent to Mars is drilling samples out of the Martian ice caps. This process is done on Earth in order to get a climatic history. This information would be extremely useful when looking at Mars. We would finally know why the water which once rushed over Mars and created the great cannels of Mars have become frozen. Other important information which could be found on Mars deals with the vulcanism. We could more easily study to see when and why vulcanism ceased on Mars. (Collins 84) Opponents argue that this would just be all too costly. They claim that the money could not be found for such a venture.(Easterbrook 91) Well In answer to the money problem one comes to a totally new point, the economy. This spending of money would not break the United States government, it would stimulate the United States Industrial fields. The money spent on a Mars mission would not merely be spent in space, it would be spent in the United States. All of the money spent here would also push the United States industries to make better products. The companies would be pushed to create such dependable products in fields such as aerospace and avionics. Of course we would see the same effects seen after NASAs crowing achievement, putt...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Human relation - Essay Example In doing so, three factors have to be considered. These are: the effectiveness of Personal Communication, Communication in the work Place, and Getting along with your manager, coworker, and customers. How do these factors affect me in my personal environment and workplace? First let us have a definition of human relations. Dictionary meaning of the term defines it as Ã¢â¬Å"the study of group behavior for the purpose of improving interpersonal relationships, as among employees. It is further defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the skill or ability to work effectively through and with other peopleÃ¢â¬ (Lamberton, chap. 01, p.4). A separate description that I find more suitable states that human relations Ã¢â¬Å"includes all interactions with people whether it is conflict, cooperative effort or group relationshipsÃ¢â¬ . In a broader sense it is the study of why, beliefs, and attitudes that cause a strain in work-related relationship. So in the end, it emphasizes not only analysis of behavior, but provides strategies for prevention, resolution of the problems and self development (College. HMCO , 2008, ch. 01, p. 3, pdf) Several authors and studies point to factors that affect human relations in business. Lamberton, (chap.01, p.16 ) in his study, argued that human relations has two goals: one is for personal development and growth; and the other is for the accomplishment of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and objectives. In order to achieve these goals, the three areas of major importance in human relations that has to be understood are Personal Communication Effectiveness, Communication is described as an important element of human relations because it is the process of transferring of information from one person to another (Skills you need, 2014) . Although the definition may seem to be simple, I argue that communication process is the core of the functions of management since it transfers ideas, thoughts, and feelings from one to another. So therefore, communications
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Marketing report (Strategic analysis of Primark Stores Ltd.) - Assignment Example Data gathering as a methodology of research is done in an exploratory manner. Sources of data come from secondary information from published statistics, journals and company website. Result of the situation analysis provides Primark vital information as to changes of objectives, strategies and marketing plan in order to attain profitability of the company. Proposal for new objectives, strategies and marketing plan is recommended. Part 1 showed that economic factors slows down growth of the industry, thus limiting potentials of Primark in UK; their leadership in the market is threatened by stiff competition, and that the image created by their Ã¢â¬Å"cheapÃ¢â¬ product does not augurs well for the company. In view of these findings, part 2 shows changes in the marketing objectives, strategies and marketing plan in order to correspond with the findings. Situation analysis has been done in order to provide information as to decisions for changes and improvement of the company. Title: Strategic Analysis of Primark Stores Ltd. From: To: Date: Strategic analysis of Primark Stores Ltd. Introduction This report comes in two parts. First part reports on the situational analysis of the environmental factors that influences strategic decision of Primark Stores Ltd. Second part details the strategic choices company should undertake in response to the major issues identified in the situation analysis. ... Part 2 includes recommendation for new marketing objectives, targeting and positioning, growth strategies, competitive advantage and a marketing mix program. Method of research. This will be an exploratory research wherein secondary data is gathered from published journals, company website, books and internet sources. Data is collated to form a concrete opinion and findings. Findings will be relevant to the company in forming strategic marketing decisions to improve strategies and approaches in PrimarkÃ¢â¬â¢s operation. Findings and discussion . Part 1. Report begins with the internal analysis of the company, and the external analysis of customers, competitors, and climate. Company. The Primark Stores Ltd. Started operations in Dublin, Ireland in June 1969. Today, it has expanded operations in other places; has increased the total number of its stores from 191 in 2009 to 204 in 2010 and plans to enlarge the number of their stores thru expansion by region. Their stores are located i n Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom, Iberia, Spain and in other places Its product line includes womenÃ¢â¬â¢s wear, lingerie, childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s wear, menÃ¢â¬â¢s wear, footwear, accessories, hosiery and home ware. Image created in the market is the cheapest clothing retailer. Primark has become a fashion sensation through its high quality, high fashion basics culture. Immediate goal is to achieve profitability through expansion into new countries, arrive at new products that will excite customers and staff alike. Primark has established its leadership in the market through low cost and differentiation strategies to get the loyalty of its customers. Primark, in its annual report, has reported a 35% increase in income and is considered as an
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s Culture and Political System Essay The Egyptian culture is considered one of the oldest cultures in human history. Surprisingly, it almost has some of gender equality except that it needs more to consider, in order achieving the third Millennium Development Goal, which talks of achieving gender equity/equality and women empowerment by 2015. I would recommend that the Egyptian constitution considers enacting and/or passing several legislations in favor of women and as well give recognition to the informal market sector, where bulks of the women are making meaningful contribution to the economy. I would also recommend that this ancient nation and culture acknowledges the home, where the men considerably have all the major decision making powers. I am of the conviction that women make sound and major decisions as well and can provide better and transformation ideas, realizing the remarkably undeniable work of the women of Liberia during the civil war. I believe that if our generation begins to identify the errors of past generations, relative to gender-related issues, and if we address those issues in more formal ways by beginning to give women their rightful places in society; ensuring that opportunities and privileges are equally and equitably distributed, our world can be the most enjoyable place even for generations unborn. In an effort to do this, we must begin with an identification of the problems as stated above, discuss them thoroughly as a way of enabling us to craft or design ideas that would amicably resolve them for the better of our general world, beginning with the Egyptian society. In Egypt the political system of policies and regulations of its political structure is based on its fundamental laws and practices. Most of which shows how the Egyptian government positions its power on the state and the society it governs. Egypt started out being a Republic adopting a democratic system. This systemÃ defines the way i n which it uses its public authority. There are basically six parts to this system. The first is the constitutional system. There was a constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt in 1971 that was used but then had a written amendment to it in 1980. The actual amendment had commonality in the English Common Law which came from the Napoleonic Code. It simply explains that Egypt declares itÃ¢â¬â¢s self as an Arab Republic with a democratic system. The second part is called the Executive Branch. The president is called the Head of State. The head of state is selected by a minimum one-third majority of the Majlis ash-ShaÃ¢â¬â¢ab, which is the Ã¢â¬Å"PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Assembly. The PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Assembly must approve by a minimum of two-thirds and have to be elected by a majority referendum. The election term is for six years with the possibility for re-election with conditional reasons for return. Putting into to play the general state policy is made up and supervised by the Head of State. He also rules the Armed Force. The last elected president of the republic was Mohammed Hosni Mubarak. The supreme executive and administrative organ of the State is the government; they are comprised of the Council of Ministers. This is ruled by the Prime Minister and he is the overseer of the work of the government. The highest part of the government is the Executive and administrative part of the Egyptian Republic is the Council of Ministers. The Ministers are together responsible for the policy and procedure of the State before the Peoples Assembly, every Minister is responsible for the performance of his Ministry and is held to accountability to do so. The Parliament has great power as well. They have the power to withdraw confidence from the Cabinet or from any Cabinet member and leave them powerless. The fourth part of this system is the Legislative Branch. This branch of the Egyptian Parliament is a reflection in character and consists of the Peoples Assembly, or Majlis El-Shaab and the Advisory Council or Majlis El-Shourah. Ã¢â¬Å"The Peoples Assembly is the legislative branch of the State consisting of 444 directly elected members and 10 members appointed by the President, who serve for a term of five years. It has the power to approve the general policy, new laws, the budget and the development plans of the government. It also has the authority to undertake investigations and to levy taxes, besides appointing the Presidential candidate and passing a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet. The Advisory Council with 140 members, out of which 70 membersÃ are nominated by the President, is Egypts consultative council. It offers advices and consultation and proposes to the Assembly new laws and regulationsÃ¢â¬ (Haas, F. 2008). The fifth part of the system is the Judicial Branch. The Judicial branch System was brought into the country introduced into the country in 1854 and predicated on the English common law, Islamic law, and Napoleonic codes system to go through for four categories of courts of justic e. Almost like the United States the highest judicial body is the Supreme Constitutional Court, the Court of Cessation. There are seven courts of Appeal in the various systems, and the Summary Tribunals in the districts are the principal court system in Egypt. It guarantees the independence of the judicial system. The fifth system is the Party of Power. This system is ruled on a multi-party system. Ã¢â¬Å"The Law 40 of 1977 regulates the development of political parties in Egypt. Though there is currently 17 active political parties representing various stands across the political spectrum, the law prohibits the creation of religious-based political parties in the state. Presently the National Democratic Party holds the majority of seats in the Peoples AssemblyÃ¢â¬ (History. 2012). The sixth system is the local government. This is headed by a Governor who is appointed by the President which is very different as to how they are selected in the US. Ã¢â¬Å"Egypt is administratively divided into 26 Governorates. Within their districts, local government units establish and run all public utilities, prov ide services and designate industrial areas. Working closely at various levels with local government is the Local Popular Councils. The basics: Egypt is a large, mostly Arab, mostly Muslim country. At around 80 million people, it has the largest population in the Middle East and the third-largest in Africa. Most of Egypt is in North Africa, although the part of the country that borders Israel, the Sinai Peninsula, is in Asia. Its other neighbors are Sudan to the South, Libya to the West, and Saudi Arabia across the Gulf of Aqaba to the East. It has been was ruled by Hosni Mubarak since from 1981 until February 11thÃ¢â¬ ( Pew Research Center 2011, November 17). As to what is going on today in Egypt. There has been fierce protest in Egypt that has been promoted by the recent protests in which led to the fall of the Tunisian government as well as getting rid of longtime Tunisian dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. The Egyptians have gathered momentum to get support of other protesters across the Arab world in Algeria, notably inÃ protesting their autocratic governments, high levels of corruption, and grinding pove rty. This is a big reason Why Egyptians unhappy and disturbed about the government. They feel they have no basic freedom than Tunisians. Ã¢â¬Å"Egypt is ranked 138th of 167 countries on The Economists Democracy index, a widely accepted measure of political freedom. That ranking puts Egypt just seven spots ahead of Tunisia. And Egyptians are significantly poorer than their cousins to the westÃ¢â¬ (Mislan, D. 2012). How did this all start? These protests started with the protests in Tunisia. Just like their Tunisian counterparts, Ã¢â¬Å"Egyptian protesters have pointed to a specific incident as inspiration for the unrest. Many have cited the June 2010 beating death of Khaled Said, allegedly at the hands of police, as motivation for their rage. But its also clear that the issues here are largerÃ¢â¬ (Prager, D. 2012). This seems to be complicated for the US more than Tunisia was. The Ã¢â¬Å"Tunisian regime was a key ally for the US in the fight against Al Qaeda. But the US governments t ies to Tunisias Ben Ali pale in comparison to American ties to Egypt. Shadi Hamid of the Brookings Institution, a centrist think tank, explains: Predictions that a Tunisia-like uprising will soon topple Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak are premature the Egyptian regime, with its well-paid military, is likely to be more unified and more ruthless than its Tunisian counterparts were. The U.S. is the primary benefactor of the Egyptian regime, which, in turn, has reliably supported American regional priorities. After Iraq, Afghanistan, and Israel, Egypt is the largest recipient of U.S. assistance, including $1.3 billion in annual military aid. In other words, if the army ever decides to shoot into a crowd of unarmed protestors, it will be shooting with hardware provided by the United States. As Steven Cook of the Council on Foreign Relations points out, the Egyptian military is not there to project power, but to protect the regime (History. 2012)Ã¢â¬ . There was a movement started in Egypt called the Egyptian Movement for Change (EMC). It also has another name called, Kefaya which in English means Ã¢â¬Å"EnoughÃ¢â¬ . This came about in 2004. Almost immediately its importance to Egyptian political life was recognized, though not understood. Both Egyptian and Western analysts have mischaracterized the movement. Interpretations have been too narrow, focusing on specific details and ignoring the movementÃ¢â¬â¢s broad vision, or too broad, mistaking Kefaya for a generic social movement in the Western mode. All such approaches fail toÃ appreciate KefayaÃ¢â¬â¢s real contribution. This essay argues that KefayaÃ¢â¬â¢s significance lies in its transformative potential as a broad political force that is uniquely suited to the needs of the moment in Egypt. It is at once a cross-ideological force that has the potential, in the long run, of creating a new mainstream and a movement of a new kind that is creating a distinctive and promis ing form of politics for Egypt. EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s political system has reached a dead end in the early twenty-first century. The opposition political parties are locked in their headquarters, unable to communicate with the public. Virtually acquiescing to the siege of an arsenal of restrictive laws, these political parties have for years suffered from an increasingly diminishing membership, a lack of operational funds, and internecine internal feuds. The Ã¢â¬Å"illegalityÃ¢â¬ of the Muslim Brothers (MB) has paradoxically liberated that organization from restrictions that come with governmental licensing. However, the ideology, posture, secrecy, and political tactics of the grassroots-based MB engender the mistrust of many political forces, including some Islamists. At the same time, the secularist-Islamist polarization hinders the possibility of reaching any meaningful consensus on critical issues. This blockage is not lost on the regime, the clear beneficiary of such divisions among its adversaries, and it does not augur well for the future of the brothers in a lead role in shaping Egyptian political life. Amid this political disarray, a new generation of Egyptians holds the promise for transforming politics in Egypt. They have found a home and an instrument in Kefaya and in the process have invented a new form of politics. Their innovations are historically grounded on the specifics of EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s political life in recent decades. Unique Egyptian circumstances have shaped their experiences, aspirations, and vision for the future. With the seething political discontent on the one hand and the ideologically based mistrust and mutual exclusion among the political forces on the other, Egypt needs today, more than ever, a new form of politics that pulls together diverse ideas from across the political spectrum to forge a new national project. For more than a decade, a group of activists and intellectuals have interacted across ideological lines to reach a common ground. Kefaya emerged as one manifestation of these efforts and as an important illustration of the possibilities of this new politics.Ã While such collaborative work across ideological lines is not unique in democratic experiences around the world, Kefaya represents the first successful effort of that sort in modern Egyptian politics. This essay, based on primary sources, including open-ended interviews, statements, newspaper articles, and reports, as well as unpublished documents, is composed of three main parts. The first part explains in more detail the reasons why Kefaya has been widely mischaracterized; the second illustrates why and how Kefaya represents a new force with the potential of creating a new mainstream; and the third explores the new politics invented by Kefaya. There has been Misunderstanding Kefaya Since its early days, there have been various critical interpretations of Kefaya by politicians and intellectuals alike, at times citing deficiencies in the movementÃ¢â¬â¢s profile, actions, and approach, while at other times dismissing the movement outright as being a Ã¢â¬Å"foreign puppetÃ¢â¬ or the pastime of Ã¢â¬Å"a bunch of kids.Ã¢â¬ The most serious and widely noted critique of Kefaya is that it has been essentially a mere protest movement, targeting President Mubarak personally, without putting forward an alternative candidate or articulating a constructive vision for political transformation. The critique along these lines has gained more momentum since the 2005 presidential election. Because KefayaÃ¢â¬â¢s main slogan expressed the rejection of a fifth term for Mubarak as well as the succession of his son, the argument goes that Kefaya lost its raison dÃ¢â¬â¢etre with the end of the election. Ã¢â¬Å"Except for rejecting the election results, symbolized by the slogan of Ã¢â¬ËBatelÃ¢â¬â¢, nothing new was produced.Ã¢â¬ When Kefaya played a leading role in the formation of the National Front for Change on the eve of the subsequent parliamentary elections, it was criticized as passing the torch to the old opposition parties, the very same entities whose inaction it has been formed to face. (Haas, F. 2008)Ã¢â¬ .The EMC had been Ã¢â¬Å"dragged into sitting together with the leaders of the tamed opposition, instead of putting forward a demand for changing the electoral system.Ã¢â¬ While critics clearly question KefayaÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution to Egyptian politics, even the more positive assessments of the EMC mischaracterize it. For example, the American Left sees Kefaya as the beginning of Ã¢â¬Å"the process of rebuilding an Egyptian Left crushed by decades of police oppressionÃ¢â¬ and a reverse of its Ã¢â¬Å"political marginalization caused by the rise of political Islam (Haas, F. 2008)Ã¢â¬ . Some Egyptian analysts as well characterize KefayaÃ as a Ã¢â¬Å"secularÃ¢â¬ protest movement and thereby implicitly expect its role to be the containment of the Islamists. Kefaya has been so widely misunderstood in the West as well as among the Western-educated elite in Egypt because of the reliance on Western social scientific classifications, notably the social movement literature, to make sense of a phenomenon emerging from the very different Egyptian context. This shortcoming is compounded by looking at Kefaya with an ideologically selective eye. While Kefaya has indeed demonstrated several of the characteristics highlighted in the literature on new social movements, it is neither single issue oriented nor concerned with identity two of the most important features of new social movements. Shoehorning Kefaya into a category derived from the experience of postindustrial societies obscures more than it illuminates. Nevertheless, the concept of the new social movement comes closest to capturing certain features of Kefaya. The movement is one of dissent, aiming in a constant and persistent endeavor toward the transformation of Egypt.4 It is a loose network of small groupings around the country. Like social movements, it aims at generating public attention and has emerged from a realization of the perils involved in conventional party politics in Egypt, marked by debilitating restrictions and dilemmas. In other words, Kefaya emerges out of realization that the institutional channels are neither neutral nor amenable to the demands for change. However, unlike conventional social movements and because of the specific necessities of the Egyptian context, Kefaya is not focused on a single issue. The same, incidentally, is true of the Islamic movement whose platform also embraces a range of issues. In addition to the breadth of the issues addressed by Kefaya, the movement is ideologically diverse. In this way, it differs from the Islamic movement. While the latter has a concrete ideology shaping its project, Kefaya goes beyond any single ideology to be the only movement in contemporary Egypt that emerged out of serious political interactions across ideological lines. Approaching Kefaya through the prism of the social movement literature, with its American scholarship emphasis on resource mobilization and political processes, blinds analysis to this distinctive feature, which is in fact one of the most important contributions of Kefaya to EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s political life. There is concern about the momentum behind EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s emergency law, and what it means for progress both the incredible progress that has already beenÃ made and the equally incredible progress that has yet to be made. There is concern about the treatment and status of the Copts and other members of the Christian Egyptian minority. There is concern about the security of the EgyptianÃ¢â¬âIsraeli border and about relations between the two countries in general. There is concern that the progress that has been made thus far could actually lead to a reversal of EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s progress, should the freedom to elect lead to a government that constricts the freedom of the Egyptian people even more than we have seen over the past 30 years And the list could go on. Indeed, there is no shortage of things about which to worry. There is a fine line between worrying and believing. Similarly, there is a fine line between two, seemingly contradictory, truths: Some degree of discontent with our present circumstances is healthy and necessary, because discontent fuels progress; at the same time, being happy requires that we make a point of being happy wherever we are. There is a fine and difficult line between making the best of our current reality and not giving up. It is necessary to think through all possible outcomes, including the undesirable and even the remote ones. Both worrying and believing are the result of thinking. Worry and anxiety result from focusing on undesirable outcomes no matter how probable or improbable. Belief, on the other hand, is the result of focusing on the best possible outcomes again, no matter how probable or improbable. Whereas worrying fuels panic and skepticism, believing fuels faith and hope. Positive action rarely results from the chaos, fear, or feelings of scarcity that often accompany worry. Faith and hope lead to trust and courage; and trust and courage lead to positive, prosaically action. So, yes, there does seem to be a great deal to worry about right now. Even still, if theres even the remotest possibility that believing instead of worrying will lead to continued progress, and then it seems to me that believing is what we have to do. Positive Psychology has been described by Martin Seligman and others as the science of what makes life worth living; of what is working for individuals, families, communities, and society more broadly. The Positive Psychology experiment with which we are now charged is to, together, choose belief over worry. At least between now and Egypts presidential election, let us together make a conscious, deliberate decision to focus on what is working and how it can lead to the best possible future for Egypt and for the world as a whole. References Mislan, D. (2012). Cross Cultural Perspectives. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Haas, F. (2008). German Science and Black RacismRoots of the Nazi Holocaust. FASEB Journal, 22(2), 332-337. History. (2012). Germany Country Review, 7-14. Ninkovich, F. (2001). The United States and Imperialism. Wiley-Blackwell. Pew Research Center. (2011, November 17). The American-Western European Values Gap. Retrieved fromhttp://www.pewglobal.org/2011/11/17/the-american-western-european-values-gap/ Prager, D. (2012). Still the Best Hope: Why the World Needs American Values to Triumph. HarperCollins.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Creon as Tragic Hero of Sophocles' Antigone There has always been a bit of confusion as to the tragic hero of the Greek Drama Antigone. Many assume that simply because the play is named for Antigone, that she is the tragic hero. However, evidence supports that Creon, and not Antigone, is the tragic hero of the play. Examining the factors that create a Greek Tragedy, and a tragic character, it is clear that the tragic hero is in fact Creon. First, take into account the timeframe in which Antigone was written. During the time of Sophocles, women were considered second-class citizens. They would not even be permitted to act i... ... Haimon are minor characters and are clearly not the tragic heroes of the play. Creon suffered the most, his losses were the greatest, and he was the only character to posses a tragic flaw. It is safe to assume that the only reason for Antigone ever being considered a tragic hero, is the misleading title of the play.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Love, being one of the most debated topics in literature, often serves as a source of inspirations for many of writers and poets, including John Keats. Throughout his life, he wrote countless love poems and letters, addressing his lover Ã¢â¬â Fanny Brawne. The star, apart from being the symbol of steadfastness and constancy, it is also a metaphor representing Keats himself. Through KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ idea of Ã¢â¬Å"Mansion of lifeÃ¢â¬ , the poem is consisted of two floors where the first floor displays his passionate love for Brawne while the second floor talks about his inner desire for death. Keats first expresses his ideal, however paradoxical love. There are two essential yet conflicting qualities in this poem Ã¢â¬â the reality verses the ideal and the immortal verses the mortal. On one hand, he would like to be like a star, steadfast and unchanging. On the other, he dislikes the solitude of the star as it has to watch Ã¢â¬Å"the moving watersÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the new soft-fallen mask/Of snowÃ¢â¬ from afar like a Ã¢â¬Å"sleepless EremiteÃ¢â¬ . He continues to state that if he Ã¢â¬Å"has to live everÃ¢â¬ , he would rather Ã¢â¬Å"pillowÃ¢â¬â¢d upon my fair loveÃ¢â¬â¢s ripening breastÃ¢â¬ . The ideas to be eternal and to love simultaneously do not go hand in hand. To love, one has to be human and therefore not an immortal, steadfast star. In the last line of the poem, Keats acknowledges that he would like to Ã¢â¬Å"live everÃ¢â¬ in love, but he has to be human in order to experience love, which hints that the love between Keats and Brawne will not last and will eventually fade away as time goes by. The other possible alternative to immortalize their love is Ã¢â¬Å"swoon to deathÃ¢â¬ . One of KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ letters from 3 May 1818 to Fanny Brawne echoes the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"swooningÃ¢â¬ and it says Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦I love you; all I can bring you is a swooning admiration of your Beauty.Ã¢â¬ (Poet.org) This can be interpreted that he wants to die while experiencing intense, ecstatic love or according to the letter, overwhelmed by her beauty. While I was reading Bright Star, I could not help but catch the similarity between Keats and ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of love. In the opening of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s sonnet 116, Ã¢â¬Å"Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worthÃ¢â¬â¢s unknown, although his height be taken.Ã¢â¬ (Shakespeare) Shakespeare talks about his ideal love and marriage. Keats, being a reader of Shakespeare, is in some way affected or inspired by him. Shakespeare describes love as an Ã¢â¬Å"ever-fixed marksÃ¢â¬ that Ã¢â¬Å"is never shakenÃ¢â¬ even in the wildest storms. Keats transformed ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"ever-fixedÃ¢â¬ into steadfastness. Keats then moves on to talk about a more sexual and sensuous love. With more explicit descriptions of Ã¢â¬Å"my [his] fair loveÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ body parts, those descriptions hint the idea of sex and orgasm. He imagines himself Ã¢â¬Å"pilliowÃ¢â¬â¢d upon my fair loveÃ¢â¬â¢s ripening breastÃ¢â¬ . The word Ã¢â¬Å"ripeningÃ¢â¬ gives a notion of youth, implicating that the lady is young and energetic. Keats also describes the rising and falling of her chest when she takes her Ã¢â¬Å"tender-taken breathÃ¢â¬ . If he could, he would Ã¢â¬Å"so live everÃ¢â¬ . However, it is impossible to live forever and the only solution would be Ã¢â¬Å"swoon to deathÃ¢â¬ . Keats did not explicitly tell the readers what it means to be Ã¢â¬Å"swoon to deathÃ¢â¬ and leave us a lot of room for imaginations. The word Ã¢â¬Å"swoonÃ¢â¬ and other erotic images of the ladyÃ¢â¬â¢s body parts bring us to the subtext of the poem Ã¢â¬â sex. La petite mort is a French idiom or euphemism for org asm, meaning little death. According to Oxford Dictionaries, Ã¢â¬Å"swoonÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"to enter a state of ecstasy or raptureÃ¢â¬ . Whether he intended to talk about sex at the end of the poem is still indefinable as we have no idea of what Keats was thinking when he wrote the poem. Though Keats did not write any overly sexual poetry, there is always a strong erotic indication in many of his works. If the sexual subtext is intended in the poem, I believe that it creates a nice denouement to the poem. KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ obsession with death and his love for Fanny are intertwined seamlessly throughout the poem. In one of his letters, he states Ã¢â¬Å"I have two luxuries to brood over in my walks, your loveliness and the hour of my deathÃ¢â¬ (Poet.org). Not only is Keats intimidated by death, to some extent he is also intrigued by it. Even though he is worried about the approaching death, to him the promise of death is comforting and soothing. The only resolution to achieve the paradoxical ideal of being eternal as well as experiencing love is death. Through death, immutability and steadfastness can be achieved. Keats has seen many people died in his lifetime. His father died when he was eight; his mother died from tuberculosis when he was 14; his brother Tom died also from tuberculosis when he was 19. Along with his familyÃ¢â¬â¢s deaths, he has also seen a lot of patients died as he was also a medical student. Therefore, constantly seeing people die in a way reminds him of the tran sience and the mutability of life. There are some religious references in the second quatrain of the poem. All these references, other than conveying the loneliness and the solitude of the star, also illustrate his longing for the promising death. The poem was written in 1819, the same year when Keats contracted with tuberculosis. The word Ã¢â¬Å"ablutionÃ¢â¬ is heavily loaded with connotations, both religion and about death. From the Oxford Dictionary, Ã¢â¬Å"ablutionÃ¢â¬ refers to the washing or cleansing of the bodyÃ¢â¬ . In Christianity, there are different forms of ablution and one of them is the preparation before the burial of a dead person. Here Keats is hinting that his death is near and the priest will cleans his body after his death with Ã¢â¬Å"the moving watersÃ¢â¬ . Further Keats also mentions the Ã¢â¬Å"soft-fallen mask/Of snowÃ¢â¬ in the following two lines. Seasons always act as symbols of different stages of human life in literature. Spring refers to birth or new beginning; summer means m aturity; autumn represents old age while winter symbolizes death. In line 7-8, with Ã¢â¬Å"the mountains and moorsÃ¢â¬ covered in snow, such explicit image suggests that death is approaching. Though death is coming, Keats is not browbeaten. Yet, he is fascinated with death as it helps him to accomplish the co-existence of eternity and love. Bright Star is a poem that can be read on many different levels. To me, the poem is not merely a declaration of his ardent love for Fanny Brawne. It is also an expressive lyric poem addressing his awe as well as obsession with death. The main themes of the poem are smoothly woven together and this showcases KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ expressiveness and his wit. Works Cited Keats, John. Bright Star. n.d. Oxford Dictionaies. Oxford Dictionaries. . Poet.org. Selected Love Letters to Fanny Brawne by John Keats. 17 October 2013 .
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The two children I chose to discuss is Lexi and Wyatt. Both Lexi and Wyatt has ASD also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder. What is interesting about these two children is that although they both have the same disorder they do not act the same. Lexi shows that she has ASD because I see some stereotyped movement that we talked in class such as flapping hand and rocking back and forth. I remember when she is around new people, like enter the the Miracle Project I felt that she was uncomfortable because she was very fidgety, she couldn t stop flapping her hands and turning in circles.She is quiet and her verbal skills are not high functioning because she is not good at expressing herself. She loses her train of thought easily when expressingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Whenever Wyatt is expressively expressing himself he does not look at anyone in the eye. When he was telling his mom about bullies he was looking up to the sky and never looked at the mom expressing. When he was in the c ircle talking about bullies to everyone, he was looking around the classroom but never at a child or Coach E. Whenever anyone talks to Lexi she also does not look at anyone in the eye. She is usually giggling, scrunching in her shoulders and looking down, never sharing the same joint attention with anyone. Both of these children also show their restrictive activities. I ve noticed that Lexi only likes to sing and Wyatt only likes to talk about bullies and wanting to make friends. When watching this film I saw that many of the families who found out that their child is Autistic it led to an eruption of arguments amongst couples. The couple that stood out to me the most was Lexi s parents because I felt that they struggled the most because they were not able to be on the same page as to caring and loving After finding out that Lexi was diagnosed with ASD, Lexi s mom was depressed and was taking medicine to stay sane. She said she was not functioning and at the same time Lexi s dad was upset with the mom because she couldn t get herself together for Lexi and let herself become depressed and not functioning. When Lexi was diagnosed with ASD, it became a stressor forShow MoreRelatedAutism Is Not Just One Disorder And It Affects The Normal Development Of A Child s Brain1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin a child with autism. According to the Autism Society of America, it is reported as the fastest-growing disability, reaching epidemic proportions at a rate of 10-17 percent per year. Most parents recognize the signs and symptoms of autism anytime between birth and the first three years of their childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Autism is classified as a neurological disorder and it affects the normal development of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s brain. Autism is not just one disorder, but a group of related disorders with a shared setRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder Paper866 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAutism spectrum disorder first became a diagnosed disorder when it was described by a psychiatrist name d, Leo Kanner in 1943. As a result of a study he conducted involving 11 children, he developed a diagnostic criteria based on observations of repetitive, stereotyped behavior with consistent impairment in social interactions (Volden, 2017). Over time however, autism became synonymous with AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s disorder and pervasive developmental disorder that included similar, but widely different diagnosticRead MorePervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) Essay1651 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The term Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) refers a group of disorders that pertain to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s communication, social, and developmental skills. Symptoms can be detected as early as infancy, as some cases are identified before the age of three. Children or toddlers with PDD may show difficulty relating to others and often have trouble using and understanding language. In addition, they may have unusual behavior patterns and demonstrate resistance during a change in their routine. PDD is a ge neralRead MoreComparative Essay : The Night Time, By Mark Haddon, And The Curious Incident Of The Dog1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages(Haddon, M, p. 20.) Autism as defined by the Oxford dictionary as: Ã¢â¬Å"A developmental disorder of variable severity that is characterized by difficulty in social interaction and communication and by restricted or repetitive patterns of thought and behaviour.Ã¢â¬ (Oxford Dictionaries | English, 2017) This definition is a small view into the complexity of the autism spectrum. The world is finally beginning to understand autism and how it affects those who have it. As our knowledge of autism expands, the integrationRead MoreStudents Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing With Autism?1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHearing with Autism Spectrum Introduction There is little research done about children who are deaf or hard of hearing that coincides with autism spectrum disorder. Deaf children with autism are rare, but we do not hear very much about them even though deaf children carry an autism diagnosis (1-59) than in the general population (1-91) (Szymanski, 2012). Teachers who are certified in special education often see students with autism, however, when a student who is deaf with autism, are not sureRead MoreThe Blue Eyed Boy With Autism Essay1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom a young boy with autism named Jack Cariello. Author and mother, Carrie Cariello, allows the reader to understand why Ã¢â¬Å"the blue-eyed boyÃ¢â¬ with autism is similar to a snowflake; no two are exactly alike, unique and beautiful in their own ways. With the help of jackÃ¢â¬â¢s mother and father, brothers and sister, the reader can envision how far Jack has come and the impact it has had on his family. Thereby allowing them to learn more about his diagn osis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Pervasive DevelopmentRead MoreWhat s Eating Gilbert Grape?884 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesteenager with an intellectual disability. DiCaprioÃ¢â¬â¢s well-planned performance creates a believably realistic portrait of life for someone with autism and intellectual disability, showing the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s own behaviors as well as reactions by family and community members. Arnie Grape exhibits many of the behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorder as well as intellectual disability in a more general sense. Intellectual disabilities may impact a personÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive functions such as executiveRead MoreAutism On Children : Autism1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPamela Sulger 27 November 2016 Autism in Children Autism according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by impairment of the ability to form normal social relationships, to commutate with others, and by stereotyped behavior patterns.Ã¢â¬ Autism was believed to be a psychiatric or emotional illness, and doctors told mothers that they were the cause. They were wrong. The cause for autism is still a mystery, howeverRead More Autism in Children Essay example1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAutism according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by impairment of the ability to form normal social relationships, to commutate with others, and by stereotyped behavior patterns.Ã¢â¬ Autism was believed to be a psychiatric or emotional illness, and doctors told mothers that they were the cause. They were wrong. The cause for autism is still a mystery, howe ver, the facts remain that autism in children isRead Moreautism spectrum disorder rough draft2796 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesdefinition of autism spectrum disorder? Autism spectrum disorder is a general term for the complex neurological diseases that affect brain development. The common characteristics of the disease are difficulties in social interactions, speech communication and repetitive sounds and movements. In May of 2013, the DSM-5 diagnostic manual placed all autism disorders under one umbrella known as ASD or autism spectrum disorders. This merged all of the sub-types like Asperger syndrome, autistic disorder, childhood